Monkeypox is spreading through sex: is it a sexually transmitted disease? Here’s what to know

Monkeypox has been a hot topic of conversation, especially since the first probable case of monkeypox was discovered this week in New Jersey.

It has been found that monkeypox has been spread through sexual intercourse in nearly all recent cases around the world.

This begs the question: is monkeypox a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?

Here’s what you need to know.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), researchers first discovered monkeypox in 1958 when a “smallpox-like” outbreak appeared on the monkeys kept for research, and that’s how the disease. ” monkeypox “got its name.

But it wasn’t until 1970 when the first human case of monkeypox emerged in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Since then, monkeypox has emerged in humans who have lived in or traveled to countries in Central and West Africa.

But the more recent cases of monkeypox have not been spread through travel to Africa. Most of the cases occurred without any direct connection to Africa, but through sexual contact.

Although many of the more recent cases “involve gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men,” CDC director Dr Rochelle Walensky has called for addressing the issue with “science” and not “stigma” .

“While some groups may have a greater chance of exposure at this time, infectious diseases don’t care about state or international borders. They are not contained in social networks and the risk of exposure is not limited to any particular group, “she added.

Monkeypox is usually transmitted when someone comes into contact with an animal, another human, or materials contaminated with the virus, according to the CDC.

The virus can enter the body through broken skin, the respiratory tract, eyes, nose, or mouth.

The World Health Organization (WHO) made it clear in a recent meeting that while these recent cases of monkeypox can be spread through sex, they are not a sexually transmitted infection.

“Many diseases can be transmitted through sexual contact. You may get a cough or a cold through sexual contact, but that doesn’t mean it’s a sexually transmitted disease, ”said Andy Seale, who advises WHO on sexually transmitted infections.

Symptoms of monkeypox are like a milder version of smallpox, except that monkeypox causes swollen lymph nodes while smallpox does not.

According to the CDC, monkeypox begins with the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Backache
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion

One to three days onset of symptoms, such as fever, patients then begin to develop a rash on the face before spreading to other parts of the body.

The disease usually lasts 2-4 weeks before it runs its course through the body. However, in some areas of the world, such as Africa, the disease can be fatal.

The CDC says 1 in 10 people in Africa who get monkeypox die from it.

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Katherine Rodriguez can be reached at krodriguez@njadvancemedia.com. Do you have a tip? Tell us a nj.com/tips.

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